Byeonsanbando National Park is the only park in Korea set on a peninsula with a harmonious blend between the mountains and the sea. It was designated as the 19th national park in Korea in 1988, with a total area of 154.71km2.
Byeonsanbando is divided into the mountain area of Naebyeonsan (Inner Mt.) and the coastal area of Oebyeonsan(Outer Mt.). Naebyeosan consists of rhyolite which was created through eruptions in the Cretaceous period. Stratifications are also clearly noticeable on Chaeseokgang and Jeokbyeokgang (Cliffs) in the shores of Gyeokpo.
Over 1.5 million visitors come to Byeonsanbando National Park each year to see the picturesque scenery of the rock formations, mountains, sea, and the plains. The sunset is especially spectacular in this part of Korea where the sun sets last.
Byeonsanbando has high ecological value preserving high rate of ecosystem plants and animals habitats. The park has 996 animal species and 877 different vascular plants. The wild plant community here comprise Adonis plant, Liverworts, and the Lycoris aurea. The Horned holly, Silver magnolia, Box-leaved holly, and White forsythia communities are under protection as Natural Treasures.
Byeonsanbando is a place that will capture your site mesmerizing your heart forever!
The Chaeseokgang, along with the Naesou Temple, is the most famous historical spot in Buan. The name Chaeseok comes from the following folk tale. Lee Taebaek of China was riding a boat on the Chaeseok river and as he was trying to catch the moon reflected in the water he drowns killing himself. The river in this tale and the Chaeseokgang is similar in looks, so the same name was used.
The base of this river consists of granite and gneiss from the Cambria period. Coastal erosion during the Cretaceous period of the Middle Ages (about 70 million years ago) made the coast look as if millions of books are piled on the coast. This river is not only a beautiful tourist attraction but also an educational site in which students can observe the structure of sedimentary layers.
During the two ebb times, one can see the sea creatures on the sedimentary layers and caves created by coastal erosion.
Chaeseokgang is designated as Jeollabuk-do treasure number 28 and sunset seen from the caves are a grand sight. The Chaeseokgang is located in the West end of Byeonsan Peninsular with a superb natural landscape symbolic of Buan.
Naesousa (Naesou Temple) was established in the year 633 (the 34th year of the reign of Baekje King Mu) by Hyegu Duta. Visitors can enjoy the exhilarating feel of strolling in the woods at the 600m of fir tree forest from Ilju-mun to Cheonwang-mun, and can sense the refinement and stillness of a thousand year old temple from Daeungbojeon (Treasure No.291)
The magnificent cherry blossoms in the spring, the rich green fir tree forest in the summer, the colorful autumn leaves in the fall and the snow white landscape in the winter attract numerous tourists throughout all four seasons.