Edge computing, a new computing method developed under Korea’s leadership, has become a global standard. The new computing technology gives the Korean cloud computing industry a chance to catch up with those of leading countries.
On July 30, the National Radio Research Agency of the Ministry of Science and ICT said that intelligent edge computing was adopted as an international standard at the ITU-T SG11 International Conference held in Geneva, Switzerland from July 18 to 27.
While current cloud computing sends and receives data through a centralized data center, edge computing is a technology that processes vast amounts of data by taking some portion of the data away from the central server to the various devices on the edge of the network that make contact with the physical world or end users.
This technology is garnering attention as a core technology that can complement the slow data processing speed and security of cloud computing in the 5G, artificial intelligence (AI), and the internet of things (IoT) environments. In particular, in future industrial sectors, such as autonomous vehicles and the industrial IoT, where real-time data processing is important, the technology is being welcomed as a core technology.
As edge computing is recognized as a future computing method, global companies such as Amazon, Microsoft, Google, Intel and HPE are stepping up efforts to develop related technology and services. In the opening ceremony of the PyeongChang Winter Olympic Games, edge computing technology was used in an Olympic flag light show by drones.
The ITU conference in Geneva defined the requirements of intelligent edge computing in a machine learning environment and a service delivery structure. Standards have been set for intelligent edge computing that can support connections with multiple IoT devices and efficiently deliver AI services. The Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI), SK Telecom and Korea Polytechnic University have jointly developed the technology since 2017 under the leadership of the National Radio Research Agency.